These First Aid skills can save your child’s life! - BLUE VOICE RADIO

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These First Aid skills can save your child’s life!

These First Aid skills can save your child’s life!

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If your child were to suffer from some potentially life-threatening situations,
would you know how to save his or her life? Or will you just watch
helplessly? Seeing your child in an emergency can be indeed horrifying but
feeling helpless can be worse. Below are first aid tips that could save the
day.
By Josephine Agbonkhese
Fever
Fever in children is usually caused by infection. It also can be caused by
chemicals, poisons, medicines, an environment that is too hot.
Most pediatricians consider any thermometer reading 100.4°F (38°C) or
higher as a fever. However, the way the child looks and acts is more
important than how high the child’s temperature is.
To make the child a bit comfortable, dress him in light clothing, use cold
compress, give him cool liquids to drink, and keep him calm.
Call the pediatrician right away if the child has a fever and appears very ill or
is fussy, has any condition causing immune suppression such as sickle cell
disease, or has been in an overheated place.
Skin Wound
Any open wound may need a tetanus booster even when the child is currently
immunized. Ask the pediatrician if the child needs a tetanus booster.
Bruises: Apply cool compresses. Call the pediatrician if the child has a crush
injury, large bruises, continued pain, or swelling.
Cuts: Rinse small cuts with water until clean. Use direct pressure with a
clean cloth to stop bleeding and hold in place for 1 to 2 minutes. If the cut is
not deep, apply an antibiotic ointment; then cover the cut with a clean ­
bandage. For major bleeding,continue direct pressure with a clean cloth until
help arrives.
Scrapes: Rinse with clean, running tap water for at least 5 minutes to
remove dirt and germs. Do not use detergents, alcohol, or peroxide. Apply an
antibiotic ointment and a bandage that will not stick to the wound.
Puncture Wounds: Do not remove large objects (such as a knife or stick)
from a wound. Call for help. Such objects must be removed by a doctor. The
child may need a tetanus booster.
Bleeding:
Apply pressure with gauze over the bleeding area for 1 to 2 minutes. If still
bleeding, add more gauze and apply pressure for another 5 minutes.
Eye Injuries
If anything is splashed in the eye, flush gently with water for at least 15
minutes. Call a pediatrician for further advice. Do NOT touch or rub an injured
eye. Do NOT apply medicine. Do NOT remove objects stuck in the eye. Cover
the painful or injured eye with an eye shield until you can get medical help.
Fractures & Sprains
If an injured area is painful, swollen, or deformed, or if motion causes pain,
wrap it in a towel or soft cloth and make a splint with cardboard or other firm
material to hold the arm or leg in place. Do not try to straighten. Apply ice or
a cool compress wrapped in thin cloth for not more than 20 minutes. Call the
pediatrician or seek emergency care. If there is a break in the skin near the
fracture or if you can see the bone, cover the area with a clean bandage,
make a splint as described above, and seek emergency care.
Burns & Scalds
General Treatment: First, stop the burning process by removing the child
from contact with hot water or a hot object (for example, hot iron). If
clothing is burning, smother flames. Remove clothing unless it is firmly stuck
to the skin. Run cool water over burned skin until the pain stops. Do not
apply ice, butter, grease, medicine, or ointment.
Burns with Blisters: Do not break the blisters. Ask the pediatrician how to
cover the burn. For burns on the face, hands, feet, or genitals, seek
emergency care.
Large or Deep Burns: Call your doctor immediately. After stopping and
cooling the burn, keep the child warm and covered until help arrives.
Electrical Burns: Disconnect electrical power. If the child is still in contact
with an electrical source, do NOT touch the child with bare hands. Pull the
child away from the power source with an object that does not conduct
electricity (such as a wooden broom handle) only after the power is turned
off. ALL electrical burns need to be seen by a doctor.
Nosebleeds
Keep the child in a sitting position with the head tilted slightly forward. Apply
firm, steady pressure to both nostrils by squeezing them between your thumb
and index finger for 5 minutes. If bleeding continues seek emergency care.

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